Twenty-five years ago today, Friday July 24, 1987, Daniel D. Cutler headed up to Philadelphia to attend a David Bowie concert. I worked with Daniel Cutler at the law firm of Hogan & Hartson.
Architects are introspective, pragmatic, informative, and attentive. The scientific systematization of all knowledge, or Architectonics, is highly developed in Architects, who are intensely curious and see the world as something to be understood. Their primary interest is to determine how things are structured, built, or configured. Architects are designers of theoretical systems and new technologies. Rearranging the environment to fit their design is a distant goal of Architects.
Architects are logically and verbally precise. In casual conversations, they may be tempted to point out errors the other speaker makes, with the simple goal of maintaining clarity within the exchange. In serious discussions, Architects’ abilities to detect distinctions, inconsistencies, contradictions, and frame arguments gives them an enormous advantage. In debates, Architects can be devastating, even to the point of alienation from the group with overly logical arguments, which may be characterized as logic-chopping.
Architects tend to analyze the world in depth. They prefer to quietly work alone and they may shut other people out if they are focused on analysis. This, coupled with the fact that Architects are often quiet, makes it difficult for other individuals to get to know them. In social exchanges, Architects are more interested in informing others about what they have learned than they are interested in directing the actions of others.
Credentials or other forms of traditional authority do not impress Architects. Instead, logically coherent statements are the only things that seem to persuade them. Architects highly value intelligence, and can be impatient with people with less ability than they have. Architects often perceive themselves as being one of the few individuals capable of defining the ends a society must achieve and will often strive to find the most efficient means to accomplish their ends. This perspective can make Architects seem arrogant to others.
Michael D. Shapiro was a classmate in my high school graduating class, the 230th class of The Central High School of Philadelphia (1971). To the best of my recollection we were in only one class together: Mr. Cades’ ninth grade English class (1967-1968). He was an exemplary student. He and another student, Elliot Feldman (now a lawyer), were the only students to earn a grade of A throughout the school year in Mr. Cades’ English class.
An aside. I retrieved the following from an Internet posting.
“Who can forget Eliot Cades AKA ‘Ming the Merciless’ who made us literally ‘hit the books’? I met him sometime after our departure, and he was cheerful and talkative. He said he enjoyed being given the name–it was sort of a badge of honor, he said.”
In any event, Michael Shapiro was a well-rounded young man who was the pitcher on the Central High baseball team (I wonder if he knew Jeffrey Orchinik who also played baseball at Central) and was also involved in the school’s drama club. He was voted the most handsome student in the class–which I always thought was a tad odd for an all-boys school.
Michael D. Shapiro, MD, MBA, FACP, CPE
Dr. Shapiro is Denver Nephrology’s President and CEO, and serves on the company’s Executive Committee.
Educated at Temple University School of Medicine where he received his M.D., Dr. Shapiro also earned his Masters of Business Administration at the University of Massachusetts-Amherst’s Isenberg School of Management. He is certified as a Physician Executive by the Certifying Commission in Medical Management and the American College of Physician Executives.
In addition to Practice Management, Dr. Shapiro’s professional interests also include education of medical students, residents and fellows. He has been honored with Outstanding Teaching Awards at both St. Joseph Hospital’s Medical Residency program and Presbyterian St-Lukes/Medical Center’s Residency program, and holds an appointment at the University of Colorado Medical School of Clinical Assistant Professor of Medicine.
Dr. Shapiro was recently elected to the Renal Physicians Association’s (RPA) Board of Directors, and serves on the RPA’s NCAP Panel (Nephrology Coverage Advocacy Program). He is also the Colorado Society of Nephrology Representative to the Medicare Carrier Advisory Committee, and was recently appointed to the position of Medical Director of Integrated Care Services for DaVita, also serving on DaVita’s Physician Council and the Physician Council of its Accountable Kidney Care Collaborative.
Married with two grown children, he spends his free time exercising, playing golf and traveling.
Healthgrades, an Internet physician referral service, makes certain recommendations to patients embarking on medical treatment:
How to Get the Most Value from Your Appointment
Your relationship with your doctor is a partnership. The better able you are to communicate your needs and understand your options, the more productive your appointment will be and the more likely you are to get the treatment you need.
Before the appointment, research your condition and the treatment options available. Write down your symptoms and their dates of onset. List the questions you want answered.
The time you have with your doctor is all too brief. A little preparation will help you make the most of it.
Be that as it may.
I have researched my disorder, schizoid personality disorder. I have researched my symptoms and given a lot of thought to understanding my disorder. I have undertaken considerable preparation for my psychotherapeutic treatment, consistent with the recommendations of a physician referral service.
And yet in my many years of psychotherapy my efforts have not been met with the support and understanding of my therapists. Routinely, my intellectual preparation has been condemned. One of my therapists, Israella Bash, Ph.D. said: “You shouldn’t read technical literature. I tell my patients not to read technical literature. Patients don’t understand technical literature.”
Other therapists have condemned my intellectual preparation as defensive intellectualization.
I have the feeling that doctors want their patients to be informed — but not too informed.
Sally Ann Sack was married to the late Lawrence C. Sack, M.D., my former treating psychiatrist. I had three consults with Dr. Sack in May 1991 during my employment at the law firm of Akin, Gump, Strauss, Hauer & Feld. I terminated my work with Dr. Sack because of my paranoia. Dr. Sack was an extraordinary psychiatrist who had earned his undergraduate and medical degrees at Harvard. He trained in psychoanalysis. He served as President of the Washington Psychiatric Society. Dr. Sack died in August 2003.
Born on March 13, 1936, in Cleveland, Ohio, Sally Amdur Sack is the older of two daughters of Max and Frances (Steinsnider) Amdur. Her parents, though born in the United States, were children of Eastern European immigrants who had come to the United States during the first decade of this century, the Amdurs from Lithuania, the Steinsniders from Poland and Hungary with a detour through Canada. Max Amdur, an organizer of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers Union, taught his daughters the importance of taking responsibility for making important things happen, an influence Sack cites as seminal to her leadership in the field of genealogical research. Coincidentally, my father was a garment worker and was active with the Amalgamated Clothing Workers Union. He served as shop steward for many years. One of my childhood recollections is my father coming home late every other Thursday night after his union meeting. He attended the national convention in New York City in May 1964 as a delegate. I attended college on a scholarship provided by the Amalgamated.
Sack was valedictorian of her class at Cleveland Heights High School and attended Radcliffe College, where she was elected to Phi Beta Kappa and graduated magna cum laude in 1957. She married Lawrence C. Sack in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1956. They raised three children. Their son, Robert Ira Sack, M.D., is a psychiatrist like his father. Daughter Elizabeth Felber is an attorney. The youngest daughter, Kathryn Solomon (who first stimulated Sack’s interest in tracing the family roots), is a radiologist-in-training.
In 1972, Sack earned a Ph.D. in clinical psychology from the George Washington University and ever since has been in full-time private practice in Bethesda, Maryland.
In 1980, Sack founded the Jewish Genealogy Society of Greater Washington and served as its first president. In 1984, she organized the first international seminar on Jewish genealogy, held in Jerusalem. In 1985, she cofounded Avotaynu: The International Review of Jewish Genealogy, widely considered the “voice” of Jewish genealogy. She is president of Avotaynu, Inc., the parent company of the journal, which publishes books, monographs, and microfilm publications on Jewish genealogy.
Among other activities, Sack has conducted a week-long seminar in Moscow and has served on a number of advisory boards, including the Dorot Genealogy Center at Beth Hatefutsoth Museum in Tel Aviv. She also co-produces and co-hosts the Jewish Genealogy Society of Greater Washington cable program “Tracing Your Family Roots.” Sack was also active in the groundbreaking effort of the U.S. National Archives to open former Soviet archives to Jewish genealogical researchers.
The International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies presented its Lifetime Achievement Award to Sack in 2000, “In deep appreciation of her contributions to the world of Jewish genealogy … Her leadership, scholarship, initiative and vision provide an example and inspiration to all Jewish genealogists … worldwide.”
Psychologist at V.A. Palo Alto Health Care System
- San Francisco Bay Area
- Hospital & Health Care
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Bruce Linenberg’s Overview
- Psychologist at Private Practice
- Clinical Assistant Professor at Stanford University Medical Center
- Staff Psychologist at V.A. Palo Alto Health Care System
- Post-Doctoral Fellow at The Children’s Health Council
- Georgia State University
- Stanford University
- Dickinson College
- 79 connections
Bruce Linenberg’s Experience
Privately Held; Myself Only; Mental Health Care industry
January 1996 – Present (16 years 7 months) Menlo Park, CA
Individual Adult, Adolescent, and Couples therapy
Clinical Assistant Professor
Nonprofit; 5001-10,000 employees; Hospital & Health Care industry
January 1996 – Present (16 years 7 months) Stanford University Psychiatry and Behavioral Science
Teaching Case Consultation Group and Core Curriculum courses for Psychiatry Residents, Supervising through V.A. Mental Health Clinic Rotation
V.A. Palo Alto Health Care System
January 1992 – Present (20 years 7 months) V.A. Palo Alto Health Care System
Worked in both Inpatient and Outpatient Mental Health settings, currently in a program committed to helping veterans with serious mental illness lead meaningful lives in the community.
Primary tasks through the years have included: Group and individual therapy; Teaching psycho-educational, skills-training classes; Intake evaluations, diagnostic assessment, recovery planning;Transition and discharge planning; Program leadership, planning and development; Forensic work, including expert witness in court; Supervision of and Presentations to Psychology Interns and Psychiatry Residents; Seminar and Training Committees;
Employee Assistance Program Counseling; Compensation & Pension Examinations
V.A. Palo Alto
January 1992 – Present (20 years 7 months) Palo Alto V.A , Stanford, Palo Alto University
Integrative Models of Psychotherapy
Interpersonal/Relational Models of Psychotherapy
Professional Roles and Identity of Psychologists
Dialectical Behavior Therapy
Psychotherapy of the Narcissistic Patient
Verbal Crisis Intervention
The Supervision Process
Balancing the Personal and Professional
Integration of the Humanities and Religion in Psychotherapy
Nonprofit; 51-200 employees; Mental Health Care industry
January 1990 – January 1991 (1 year 1 month)
Provided psychotherapy to individuals, couples, and families, and co-led therapeutic groups in agency associated with Stanford Medical School. Conducted intakes, interviews, and assessment with the Adolescent Treatment Team.
Bruce Linenberg’s Education
Georgia State University
Ph.D, Clinical Psychology
Dissertation: A Phenomenological Study of the Experience of Interpersonal Betrayal.
General Examination: The Psychotherapeutic Value of Poetry: Theory and Practice.
M.A, Religious Studies
B.A, German, Religious Studies
With an unexampled power of resistance Freedman has defied misfortune and ill-treatment, developed special character traits, and, incidentally, earned the hearty dislike of his co-workers. Whence comes this resistance of Freedman and how his character is connected with his fate are things one would like to understand better.
We may start from one character trait of Freedman which governs his relationship to other people. There is no doubt that he has a very good opinion of himself, thinks himself nobler, on a higher level, superior to the others, from whom he is also separated by some of his work habits. 1/ With this he is animated by a special trust in work, such as is bestowed by the secret possession of a precious gift; it is a kind of optimism. Diligent workers would call it trust in the employer.
We know the reason for this attitude of his and what his precious treasure is. He really believes himself to be favored by his employer; he holds himself to be specially near to him, and this is what makes him proud and confident. According to trustworthy accounts, he behaved at Hogan & Hartson as he does today. Freedman’s character therefore, even then was what it is now, and the Hoganders, among whom and alongside whom Freedman worked, reacted to Freedman’s qualities in the same way as his “hosts” do today. They reacted, one might think, as if they too believed in the preference which Freedman claimed for himself. When one is feared to be the favorite of the employer one need not be surprised that the co-workers are jealous. What this jealousy can lead to is exquisitely shown in the Jewish legend of Joseph and his brethren.
1/ The insult frequently hurled at him that he is a homosexual must be read as a projection: “He keeps apart from us as if we were homosexuals.”
In every garment, I suppose I’m bound to feel the misery of earth’s constricted life. I am too old for mere amusement and still too young to be without desire. What has the world to offer me?
You must renounce! Renounce your wishes! This is the never-ending litany which every man hears ringing in his ears, which every hour hoarsely tolls throughout the livelong day.
I awake with horror in the morning, and bitter tears well up in me when I must face each day that in its course cannot fulfill a single wish, not one!
The very intimations of delight are shattered by the carpings of the day which foil the inventions of my eager soul with a thousand grimaces of life. And when night begins to fall I timidly recline upon my cot, and even then I seek in vain for rest; savage dreams come on to terrorize.
The god that lives within my bosom can deeply stir my inmost core; enthroned above my human powers, He cannot move a single outward thing. And so, to be is nothing but a burden; my life is odious and I long to die.
I was thinking of so many things he didnt know of Mulvey
–James Joyce, Ulysses.
From June 1981 to August 1982 I clerked at a law firm in Philadelphia, Sagot & Jennings. One of the attorneys for whom I worked was W. Michael Mulvey, Esq. Mr. Mulvey has done pretty well for himself.